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UBUNTU LINUX


Description:

Ubuntu is an operating system that is aimed at offering a simple, easy to use operating system for an average user. Ubuntu is based on the Debian GNU/Linux. Ubuntu, meaning 'humanity to others', or 'I am what I am because of who we all are," truly makes Ubuntu an original software; it is a free software, which can be shared with other users.
The first release was on October 20, 2004, and a new version is released every six months, so the system can constantly be updated.
Ubuntu is community based, and currently funded by Canonical Ltd. In 2005 Mark Shuttleworth and Canonical Ltd. provided an initial funding of US$10 million through the creation of Ubuntu Foundation. The purpose of the foundation is to ensure the support and development for all future versions of Ubuntu. During July 2007 at Ubuntu Live 2007, Mark Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 8.04 (scheduled for April 2008) would be the next Long Term Support (LTS) release. He also added that Canonical is committed to releasing a new LTS version every two years.
Ubuntu Linux contains only free software, and encourages the user to share Linux with other users. It prizes itself by saying that it "includes the very best translations and accessibility infrastructure that the free software community has to offer" (ubuntu.com).

Applications:

Ubuntu Linux includes all the applications you need including a web browser, presentation, document and spreadsheet software, instant messaging and more. It specifically includes openoffice (which has a word processor, spreadsheet, and presentation), integrated email and calendering, a desktop notetaking application called tomboy, firefox 2.0 (web browser), easy editing and uploading of pictures with f-spot, rythmbox (a media player has a number of features that let you easily store, search and browse your music library and listen to internet radio), totem (which allows you to view videos or films).

Web Resources:
Ubuntu.com
VLC media player for Ubuntu Linux
Download
Video About Ubuntu
Online Community

Terminology:

Operating system- The most imperative and necessary program that runs on a computer. They perform basic tasks, such as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keeping track of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.

Desktop- Consists of pictures, also known as icons, that show cabinets, files, folders, and various types of documents. Visually portrays file systems.

Server- A computer or device on a network that manages network resources. Multiple users can store files on the server.

Application Programs- Includes database programs, word processors, and spreadsheets. Operating systems provide a platform so applications programs can run.

Citations References:
Wikipedia
Ubuntu.com
Webopedia


Graphics:


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