Web 2.0

Web 2.0 is a term coined by Tim O'Reilly that attempts to describe the next generation of Internet use. In recent years the Internet has been rapidly evolving into a new kind of medium for communication and file transfer. Many new trends can be seen: people are putting their minds together on wikis, sharing their thoughts in blogs, transferring their files through BitTorrent, and keeping up with friends on massively popular social networking sites. These developments, which grow larger by the day, are creating a new kind of Internet.


Characteristics of Web 2.0

  • User Interaction
  • User-Driven Content
  • Sleek Designs and Rich Interfaces
  • Syndication and Micro Content
  • Simple, Light Weight
  • Accessible Information
  • More Dynamic Pages

Types of Programs

  • Wikis
    • Meaning "quick" or "fast", a wiki is a type of website that allows visitors to easily change the information displayed on its pages. This means that a great number of people can contribute to the site, expanding its content quickly. After one user adds something, another user can go in and edit it, the goal being to make it better. The best example of a successful wiki is Wikipedia, an amazingly comprehensive, free online encyclopedia that any visitor can edit. It's a vast wealth of information available to everybody that is created by everybody. And let's not forget that this very page is part of a wiki.
  • RSS (Really Simple Syndication)
    • Users of RSS content use programs called feed 'readers' or 'aggregators': the user 'subscribes' to a feed by supplying to their reader a link to the feed; the reader can then check the user's subscribed feeds to see if any of those feeds have new content since the last time it checked, and if so, retrieve that content and present it to the user.
  • Podcasts
    • A podcast is a series of electronic media files, such as audio or video, that are distributed periodically over the Internet by means of a Web Feed. Podcasts are distinguished from other methods of distributing media because users can choose to subscribe to them.
  • Blogs
    • A blog is a user-generated website where entries are made in journal style and displayed in a reverse chronological order.
    • Blogs often provide commentary or news on a particular subject, such as food, politics, or local news; some function as more personal online diaries. A typical blog combines text, images, and links to other blogs, web pages, and other media related to its topic. The ability for readers to leave comments in an interactive format is an important part of most early blogs. Most blogs are primarily textual although some focus on photographs (photoblog), videos (vlog), or audio (podcasting), and are part of a wider network of social media.
    • The term "blog" is derived from "Web Blog."
  • BitTorrent
    • BitTorrent is a method of distributing large amounts of data widely without the original distributor incurring the whole of the corresponding costs of hardware, hosting and bandwidth resources. Instead of the distributor alone servicing each recipient, under BitTorrent the recipients each also supply data to newer recipients, thus significantly reducing the cost and burden on any given individual source as well as providing redundancy against system problems, and reducing dependence upon the original distributor.

The Man Behind the Name - Tim O'Reilly

Tim O'Reilly is the founder and CEO of O'Reilly Media, thought by many to be the best computer book publisher in the world. The company also publishes online through the O'ReillyNetwork and hosts conferences on technology topics. Tim is an activist for open source, open standards, and sensible intellectual property laws.

In 2004, O'Reilly was one of the hosts of the Web 2.0 Conference, along with John Battelle, and MediaLive. At the conference, the Web 2.0 meme was introduced to a sold-out crowd.

Web 2.0 Points of Interests

  • Web 2.0 is the generation next of the online populations including internet communities (Myspace, Facebook, Blackplanet), innovative communication technologies, tags, and other tech advances that help to interconnect the online populous.
  • The goal of Web 2.0 is to make the internet more real and people friendly, and to make the internet a critical environment that acts more artificially intelligent.
  • Web 2.0 has also been described as the move of the business, the market, and the economy in general to a more web-based platform. Bill O'Reilly coins this idea.
  • Web 2.0 has an annual summit which has taken place every year for the past 3 years in San Francisco, CA: Web 2.0 Conference. This year there will also be a new exposition taking place in San Francisco as well. Web 2.0 Expo April 15-18

External Links

  1. Digital Web Magazine
  2. O'Reilly -- What Is Web 2.0
  3. Web 2.0 Characteristics
  4. Web 2.0 Conference
  5. Web 2.0 Expo
  6. Digital Web Magazine